Kapha is water or phlegm. It is the heaviest of tridoshas. It is the strength of the body. Kapha governs lubrication in the body. It controls lubrication of lungs, joints, weight and growth. The lustrous and glowing skin is due to balanced kapha dosha.
Kapha Gunas (Characteristics)
- Cloudy in nature
Time and Presence of Kapha in the body
Body – above the heart and naval.
Age – dominant in childhood
Day – dominant in morning (6-10 am)
Night – dominant in the evening (6-10 pm)
Digestion – dominant before digestion.
Kapha and Rutu (Season):
Chaya – shishira rutu
Prakopa (vitilated) – vasant rutu
Shaman (balanced) – Grishma rutu
The time and rutu of Kapha enables us to decide upon the kapha nashak foods to be included in our daily diet.
Character of Kapha Prakriti Person
Kapha prakriti have a strong build and excellent stamina. They have big, soft eyes; smooth, lustrous skin; and thick hair. By nature they are calm, loving, loyal, patient, supportive and thoughtful. The Kapha prakriti person gets sound sleep and have proper digestion. But when Kapha gets vitiated the person gains weight, fluid retention, excess sleep, overweight, and suffer from allergies, asthma, diabetes, thyroid, hormonal imbalance and depression.
How to Balance Kapha?
During cold seasons agni (the digestive fire) becomes manda (low) which leads to improper digestion increasing and vitiating kapha dosha which is inherently dense, heavy, and cold, the key to balancing Kapha is stimulation of agni which keeps a check on kapha imbalance. Follow a regular routine to balance kapha dosha
- Wake up before kapha kala ideally before 6 in the morning.
- Avoid exposures to cold, dampness.
- Always stay warm.
- Avoid divaswaap (day sleep)
- Exercise regularly
Nutritional Kapha Balancing Foods
Ayurveda aims in sama doshas i.e., balanced doshas for the proper functioning of our body. Hence Ayurveda lays emphasis on eating food that balances the dosha and pacifies the vitiated doshas to stay healthy and fit.
Here are a few kapha balancing foods:
- Since kapha is heavy, dense, cold and oily in nature, kapha prakriti person has to focus on dry, light, warm, pungent, astringent and bitter tastes over sweet, sour and salty.
- Honey can be taken daily. Though it’s a sweetener it pacifies kapha hence recommended in cold, cough etc.
- Ginger either in the form of tea or paste in cooking enhances and stimulates the agni and pacifies kapha.
- All beans except soybeans are good kapha pacifiers.
- Spices such as pepper, mustard, carom seeds, ginger, garlic help in balancing Kapha dosha.
- Vegetables like sweet potatoes, potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes should be avoided, and rest all veggies are favourable.
- Avoid sweet juicy fruits and prefer light fruits like apples, pomegranates, cranberries, apricots and pears.
- Non vegetarians can eat chicken, turkey, eggs, white meat and sea foods.
- Dairy products and sweets should be avoided as they increase the kapha dosha.
- Eat 4-5 small meals than 2-3 heavy and big meals for proper digestion.
- Sipping hot water throughout the day keeps kapha at bay in cold seasons.
- Pungent and spicy food as chillies, radishes, turnips, raw onions and other spices are very beneficial in stimulating agni (digestive fire) and pacifying Kapha.
- Avoid nuts
- Whole grains are good for Kapha prakriti especially barley and millet but reduce on wheat and rice as they increase kapha.
- All spices except salt are kapha pacifiers.
- Starving with fruits and juices once in a week prevents vitiation of kapha.
Kapha prakriti person always has a tendency to put on weight very easily. Eating dry light, hot and spicy foods stimulate agni resulting in shedding excess kapha. One has to be very smart while choosing the right food for the particular doshas to stay disease free life. Hence, eating right according to dosha plays a significant role in maintaining good health and preventing further diseases.