You must be wondering as to what does eating right according to dosha mean? To understand this you need to know the basic concepts of Ayurveda, i.e. the doshas and their relation with our body. The ayurvedic concept is based entirely on tri doshas (vata, pitta and kapha) the primary elements of our body.
Tridoshas are the main 3 pillars or the basic stambhas of Ayurveda. These tridoshas constitutes to prakriti (constitution) of a person.
Vata – air, space, life force and ether element
Pitta – fire and water element
Kapha – phlegm, water and earth
Each person has a different prakriti (body constitution) depending upon the predominance of the doshas.
In a pitta prakriti person, pitta dosha is in predominance along with vata and kapha dosha. Hence, pitta prakriti person should follow a diet that doesn’t aggravate pitta leading to pitta diseases.
Pitta dosha is made up of fire and water element. Its major function is digestion, absorption and controlling liver metabolism. Balanced pitta gives a strong appetite, proper digestion, enormous energy, lustrous skin. Whereas an imbalanced pitta leads to indigestion, heartburn, hyper-acidity, skin rashes, ulcers (mouth, peptic, duodenal), vertigo and excessive body heat.
Pitta Gunas (properties)
Pitta is sharp, hot, liquid, sour, light and oily. It has a strong smell and is sour & bitter in taste. So we need to eat the kind of food which, neutralises pitta gunas like, sweet, heavy, cooling, dry, stabilising, bitter and astringent.
Right food for Pitta Prakriti Person
- Pitta person should stay cool and hydrated.
- Follow a pitta pacifying diet.
- Favour sweet, juicy foods and reduce juices like lemons and tomatoes.
- Sweet, bitter and astringent tastes are favourable.
- Drink coriander, cumin, cardamom and fennel tea. These herbs should be used in our daily food to shed away excess pitta.
- Aloe Vera juice cools the body and skin and detoxifies the liver.
- Melons are cooling and pitta pacifying helps soothe the body.
- Cranberry juice expels excess pitta and cools the body and skin.
- Amla juice cleanses the digestive tract, pacifies pitta, softens the skin and gives lustre and glow to the skin. It prevents skin diseases due to pitta aggravation.
- Tender coconut water helps expel excess heat giving a cooling effect.
- Include whole grains like wheat, rice, barley and oats in the diet plan.
- Vegetables like cucumber, pumpkin, potatoes, sweet potatoes, celery, coriander, green leafy vegetables are cooling and beneficial in pitta prakriti.
- Legumes like, chickpea, black eyed peas, soybeans, lentils and kidney beans are favourable in pitta prakriti.
- Fruits like apple, cranberries, and pomegranate have astringent tastes which helps to neutralise pitta dosha.
- Include sunflower oil, olive oil, coconut oil and pure ghee to keep pitta dosha at bay.
- Mint tea is a coolant and detoxifies the liver giving a better complexion.
- Cocum juice also known as amsol, which is often used in coastal area as kokum kadhi, kokum sharbat to lower pitta and heat in the body.
- Taking gulkand (rose jam) empty stomach curbs pitta aggravation.
- Some ayurvedic herbs like chandana, neem, manjistha, usheer, amlaki, sariva, khadira, kumari, bhunimba, Bhumyamalaki, yashtimadhu etc. helps eliminate excess pitta and enhance the lustre and radiance of the skin. These herbs reduces pitta prakopa (aggrevation) and thereby curing the pitta diseases.
Food to be Avoided
- Sour, spicy, salty, hot, pungent.
- Pickles, vinegar, aged cheese.
- Nicotine, caffeine, strong alcohol.
- Avoid tomatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, pepper, eggplant, radish, spinach and beet.
- Avoid beef, seafood and eggs.
A balance in tridoshas is very important for the well-being of a person. Imbalance in these doshas will result in various dosha related illness. Similarly pitta prakriti person should balance the pitta by choosing the right food and maintaining the right diet. Eating right food will arrest the accumulation and aggravation of pitta dosha enabling the person to lead a healthy life.