The state of equilibrium of Tridoshas maintains health. In the state of aggravation, the Doshas have increased functions in the body where as in the state of diminution, there is a decreased function in the body. Aggravation and diminution of Doshas causes diseases. In order to cure a disease the aggravated Doshas are eliminated by various methods including Panchakarma Therapy an diminished Doshas are replenished from the diet. The body always has a natural tendency to maintain the state of equilibrium of Tridoshas.
The States of tridoshas
Each Doshas has three states.
- State of Eqilibrium
- State of Aggravation
- State of Diminutin
The Positions of Tridoshas
The Doshas pervade all over the body. Still there are some specific areas and organs related to each Dosha.
Generally speaking we can say that the part of the body below the umbilicus is the place of the VataDosha. The area between the heart and the umbilicus is the position of PithaDosha and the area above the heart is the position of KaphaDosha.
Besides this, each Dosha has specific sites of action also.
The Site of Action of Vata
Large intestine, waist, thigh, bone, the organ of hearing (ear) and the organ of touch (skin) are the seats of the VataDosha of these, the large intestine is the most important organ.
The Site of Action of Pitha
The area around the umbilicus, stomach, small intestine, sweat, blood, the organ of vision (eye) and the organ of touch (skin) are the seats of the PithaDosha. Of these, area around the umbilicus is the important organ of Pitha.
The Site of Action of Kapha
The chest, throat, head, bony joints, stomach, small intestine, plasma, muscle tissue, fat, bone marrow, sperm & ovum, the organ of smell (nose) and the organ of taste (tongue) are the seats of the KaphaDosha. Of these, the chest is the important organ.
Qualities of Tridoshas
Qualities of Vata = Dry, light, cold, rough, subtle (fine) and mobile or unsteady mind.
Qualities of Pitha = Slightly unctuous, sharp (penetrating), hot, light, subtle (fine), foul smell and liquid.
Qualities of Kapha = Unctuous, cold, heavy, slow, thick (dense) and stable.
The Normal Functions of Tridoshas
The normal functions of Vata – Enthusiasms, expiration , inspiration, movements, excretion of different excreta from the body and balanced regulation of transportation of bodily elements are the normal functions of Vatadosha.
The normal functions of Pitha – The functions of the Pitha in the balanced state are digestion, heat production in the body, vision hunger, thirst, luster of the body, intelligence, softness of the body, cheerfulness of the body.
The normal functions of Kapha – Stability of the body, unctuousness, well knitting of the body, strength of the muscles and joints, forgiveness, heaviness, aphrodislac property, patience, no greediness are the functions of Kapahdosha in its equilibrium.
Natural Aggravations of Doshas
Age or Life Span – The average life span is divided into 3 parts – childhood, middle age and old age. The Kapahdosha becomes dominant during childhood, Pitha during middle age and Vata aggravates naturally during the old age.
Day – Kapha becomes dominant in the morning, Pitha in the noon time and Vata aggravated in the afternoon.
Night – Kapha is dominant in the first part of night or early night. In the second part or mid night, Pitha aggravates and at late night Vata aggravates naturally.
Digestion – Kapha, Pitha and Vata aggravate successively during the first, second and third part of digestion.